By Bob Morris Jones and Paul A. Singh Ghuman
This quantity analyses and discusses a variety of points of bilingualism from a world point of view. the subjects lined comprise the connection of bilingualism and intelligence, the social and geographical bases of bilingualism, acculturation, and lexical improvement. however it is the sector of bilingual schooling which provides the most niche with papers on institution platforms in Wales, Australia and Nigeria: the discussions the following learn linguistic features of curricular layout, language instructing technique, and evaluate.
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Additional resources for Bilingualism, Education and Identity: Essays in honour of Jac L. Williams
We speak the foreign language as purely as possible. We avoid using words taken from our first language in the language we are learning. What we avoid in speaking the foreign language, we are prone to do in speaking our own. Frederick the Great prided himself on the purity of his French and never spoke a German word when speaking it. However, he was prepared to intersperse his spoken and written German with French words and phrases. One understands why the people who learn English do their best to speak it purely and correctly, and that they have no hesitation in using English words in their native language.
They spoke rather German, Flemish, Breton, Basque, Provençal, Catalonian, Corsican, etc . . 'trente patois différents', 'une diversité d'idiomes grossiers'. Only a minority spoke French, the 'Language of Freedom'! This diversity of languages continues to characterize France. The population of the south of France, a third of the country, does not speak official French, the language descended from the langue d'oïl, but rather the French descended from the langue d'oc, and Occitan (Provençal) poetry experienced a revival, a renaissance, in the nineteenth century.
There are group variations: the Welsh of the pupils in the so-called Welsh schools differs from that of their parents and when they enter college the same pupils find that their Welsh drops certain characteristics and picks up others. In other words, there is a degree of bilingualism even within monolingualism, and it can be said that most people are bilingual if not multilingual in some sense and to a certain extent. Bilingual Welsh people did not need to be persuaded that it was possible to learn two languages, and several advocated in the nineteenth century the possibility and the desirability of developing a bilingual Wales.
Bilingualism, Education and Identity: Essays in honour of Jac L. Williams by Bob Morris Jones and Paul A. Singh Ghuman