By Miran Bozovic, Slavoj Zizek
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Extra info for An utterly dark spot : gaze and body in early modern philosophy
The marquise who, like Marianne, prides herself on her knowledge of philosophy, must have read Descartes's Les Passions de I'dme: she knows that we can change our facial expression and expression of the eyes and thereby hide our current Before the First Sight passion by vividly feigning a passion that is contrary to the one we wish to conceal. 7 For the time being, Marianne is still the object of others' gaze; she has attracted the gaze of everyone around her, whereas she herself does not see anyone.
If I believe I have given the other just cause for his hate, then I see in myself what the other sees in me, that is, the cause of his sadness. However, I am not only the cause of his sadness, but I am also the cause of my own sadness. Although I merely imitate the other in this sadness, it is no less true that it was I who affected him with it in the first place. The other, then, sees in me the cause of his sadness, whereas I see myself as the cause of his-and consequently of my own-sadness. The outcome of my encounter with the other in this case is as follows: the other, experiencing sadness accompanied by the idea of an external cause, that is, the idea of myself as cause, hates me, whereas I, merely imitating that affect of the other with which I myself have affected him and, accordingly, experiencing sadness accompanied by the idea of an internal cause, hate myself.
Let us now turn to love. Suppose that this time I have, in some way, affected the other with joy and that as a result, he now loves me; by loving me he sees in me the cause of his joy; when I perceive myself as the object of the other's love, I know that, in his eyes, I am the (external) cause of his joy. According to proposition 27, I now tend to imitate the other's love, that is, his joy accompanied by the idea of an external cause, that is, the idea of myself as cause. As in the case of hate, simply because I imagine that the other loves something, I thereby love the same thing.
An utterly dark spot : gaze and body in early modern philosophy by Miran Bozovic, Slavoj Zizek