Read e-book online Agenda Setting, the UN, and NGOs: Gender Violence and PDF

By Jutta M. Joachim

ISBN-10: 1589011759

ISBN-13: 9781589011755

Within the mid-1990s, while the United countries followed positions declaring a woman's correct to be loose from physically damage and to regulate her personal reproductive future health, it used to be either a coup for the overseas women's rights flow and an instructive second for nongovernmental enterprises (NGOs) trying to effect UN determination making.Prior to the UN common Assembly's 1993 statement at the removing of All varieties of Violence opposed to girls and the 1994 choice via the UN's convention on inhabitants and improvement to vault women's reproductive rights and well-being to the vanguard of its international inhabitants development administration software, there has been little consensus between governments as to what constituted violence opposed to girls and what kind of regulate a lady must have over copy. Jutta Joachim tells the tale of the way, within the years prime as much as those judgements, women's corporations obtained savvy -- framing the problems strategically, seizing political possibilities within the foreign atmosphere, and benefiting from mobilizing buildings -- and overcame the cultural competition of many UN-member states to extensively outline the 2 concerns and eventually cement women's rights as a global reason. Joachim's deft exam of the records, court cases, and activities of the UN and women's advocacy NGOs -- supplemented through interviews with key gamers from involved events, and her personal participant-observation -- unearths flaws in state-centered diplomacy theories as utilized to UN coverage, info the strategies and techniques that NGOs can hire for you to push rights concerns onto the UN time table, and gives insights into the criteria that impact NGO effect. In so doing, schedule atmosphere, the UN, and NGOs departs from traditional diplomacy conception through drawing on social move literature to demonstrate how rights teams can encourage swap on the foreign point.

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In light of its success, the caucus system has since become a familiar feature—a master frame for organizing NGOs—at UN special conferences. ” 34 Chapter 1 They mediate and are “activist brokers” between their own organization and its environment, bridging the gap between the beliefs and goals of NGO members and policymakers (Gordenker and Weiss 1996, 35). Abzug once again helps to illustrate this point. Not only did she play a key role in organizing the women’s caucus and representing women at UN conferences, but she also was respected among and consulted by UN policymakers.

McAdam, McCarthy, and Zald 1996b) have identified as the most pivotal: access to the institutions that NGOs seek to influence, influential allies, and political alignments or conflicts. I only selectively draw on other secondary variables to further define these three primary ones, thereby distinguishing between institutional and extra-institutional ones. Access to Institutions Probably one of the most critical aspects of the political opportunity structure is access to the institutions that NGOs seek to influence.

After all, they decide whether an agenda will be accepted or not. Governments assist NGOs in different ways. Over the course of the past decade, it has become customary for governments to include NGO representatives on their delegations who might use this position to shape a government’s position or influence the negotiation process. In addition, governments may draw on their institutional prerogatives to support NGOs. For example, representatives of UN member states may introduce resolutions drafted by NGOs, issue amendments to particular proposals, make statements in favor of NGOs, request brackets around paragraphs and phrases with which they do not agree, and, most important, vote in favor of or against particular proposals.

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Agenda Setting, the UN, and NGOs: Gender Violence and Reproductive Rights (Advancing Human Rights) by Jutta M. Joachim

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