By Rob Vos, Jose Antonio Ocampo, Ana Luiza Cortez
This book is an authoritative research of the social and fiscal implications of worldwide elevated existence expectancy. do we offer adequate pensions for previous humans to reside comfortably? How can previous humans be empowered to play a extra optimistic function in society? what's going to the position of grandparents be within the rising new social structures? What are the consequences for healthiness prone? How can the very previous be cared for? delivering a wealth of statistical and quantitative proof and compiled by way of major economists operating on the vanguard of this quarter, the authors argue that those demanding situations usually are not insurmountable, yet societies all over the place have to installed position the mandatory guidelines to confront those demanding situations successfully.
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4). Assumptions regarding future fertility levels also have major implications for the expected pace of world population growth. Under the high variant, world population in 2050 would be increasing by more than 90 million persons annually, a substantially higher annual increment than at present; under the low variant, however, world population would be declining slowly by that time. In contrast, uncertainty about future fertility levels is relatively less important with regard to expected changes in population age distributions.
Total number (thousands) France Germanv Italy Jaoan Russian Federation United Kinadom United States Europe European Union 525 11 400 660 I I I I I 33487 35756 2634 I 6384 100137 I 17141 27952 1200 I 41 800 23530 I I 4 2 8 297 I I 47 456 312 135 22 760 I I I 1 16 361 France Germany Italy Japan Russian Federation I United Kingdom United States Europe 1 European Union I 0 7417 I 1 5459 25209 19610 1473 17838 12944 I 508 48 116 1 1821 I 863 I I 93 794 188 497 119684 I I 553 495 257 110 6247 I 59 775 17967 161 346 I 1 386 151 I I 79 605 I 609 I I 650 114 327 I 2 934 1447 I I 592 757 700 506 I 10064 I I 4 675 1087 10 777 I 25 203 12736 I I Source: United Nations (2004) levels of net migration gains would need to be much higher than in the recent past.
Adding the dependent children is expected to a total dependency 32 Ageing and Development ratio of 72 in 2050, a level that is 37 per cent higher than the average value of this same ratio for the developed countries between 1950 and 2005. The trends in dependency ratios in the countries with economies in transition are similar to those in the developed countries. After having changed little from 56 dependants per 100 persons aged 15-64 in 1950 to 54 dependants in 1975, and then declining to a historic low point of 42 dependants in 2010, the total dependency ratio is projected to increase to 49 in 2025 and then to 61 in 2050.
Ageing and Development by Rob Vos, Jose Antonio Ocampo, Ana Luiza Cortez