By Margaret Gilbert
Margaret Gilbert deals an incisive new method of a vintage challenge of political philosophy: while and why may still I do what the legislations tells me to do? Do i've got targeted responsibilities to comply to the legislation of my very own kingdom and if this is the case, why? In what feel, if any, needs to I struggle in wars during which my nation is engaged, if ordered to take action, or undergo the penalty for legislations breaking--including the loss of life penalty? Gilbert's obtainable publication bargains a provocative and compelling case in prefer of electorate' tasks to the country, whereas studying how those should be squared with self-interest and different competing issues.
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Additional resources for A Theory of Political Obligation: Membership, Commitment, and the Bonds of Society
For a relatively extended critical discussion of McPherson, see Horton (1992). R. M. Hare (1989: 8–9) fears that claiming political obligations are not moral ones could lead people to ignore moral issues when confronted with political obligations. That depends, of course, on precisely what political obligations are understood to be. 46 Singer (1973: 4–5): ‘That is all I shall say about the meaning of ‘‘morality’’. If the reader disagrees, or is puzzled by what I have said, he will probably do better to read on.
25 There is much that could be discussed in relation to the details of the quoted characterization of obligations, which is given in a footnote. For now I leave it as it stands. 27 23 Vitek (1993) critically surveys a number of the options on offer. For my own perspective on the obligations of agreements and promises see Ch. 9, below. 24 25 Hart (1955: 179 n. 7). Hart (1955: 183 and 190). ). He focuses on the ‘special rights’ he takes to be correlative with obligations. 27 Hart (1955: 183). 28 Hart distinguishes obligations from duties.
This will at the same time explain how membership in a political society, understood in a certain way, is a source of what might also be labelled ‘duties’, ‘requirements’, ‘reasons’, and ‘grounds’ for obedience—depending precisely on how these terms are construed. I do not mean to imply that inquiries that fail to focus on obligations are in any way unworthy. I wish simply to emphasize that ‘obligation’ is a key term in this particular inquiry. In the next chapter, I give a partial characterization of obligations in terms of certain salient conditions.
A Theory of Political Obligation: Membership, Commitment, and the Bonds of Society by Margaret Gilbert