Download PDF by Juan C. Sager: A practical course in terminology processing

By Juan C. Sager

ISBN-10: 9027220778

ISBN-13: 9789027220776

Because the creation of the pc, terminology administration might be performed through virtually somebody who has learnt to take advantage of a working laptop or computer. Terminology administration has proved to be a good device in foreign communications in undefined, schooling and foreign corporations. software program programs are on hand and foreign enterprises usually have their very own terminology database. Following those advancements, translators and terminologists are faced with a specialized kind of details administration related to compilation and standardisation of vocabulary, garage, retrieval and updating.A sensible direction in Terminology Processing offers the foremost to tools of terminology administration for the English language, for common and particular reasons. This designated direction has been constructed at the foundation of years of educating adventure and learn on the collage of Manchester Institute of technology and expertise (UMIST, united kingdom) and is especially appropriate for translation classes, freelance translators, technical writers, in addition to for non-linguists who're faced with terminology processing as a part of their occupation.

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G. 'by types of rolling bodies' or 'by number of rows of rolling bodies', as in the case of the example below. Such type-indicators are also known in information science where they are called 'facets'. ANTIFRICTION by type of rolling bodies I BEARINGS roller ball single-row double-row bearings bearings anti-friction anti-friction | bearings bearings by type of rollers bearings with cylindrical rollers bearings with tapered rollers by type of forces by number of rows of rolling bodies along axis of the bearing bearings with barrellshaped rollers radical anti-friction bearings multi-row anti-friction bearings radical axle -axe anti-friction anti-friction bearings bearings Source: ISO 704 (1986) 32 A Practical Course in Terminology ISO standard 704 gives an example of such a complex conceptual structure in which the different groups of subordinate concepts are differentiated by facets.

E. if it reaches the lowest level of conceptual analysis. In practice this is, however, not achiev­ able because classification schemes do not pursue conceptual analysis to the level of the individual; terminological analysis, on the other hand, which is identified with the 'bottom-up' approach, starts with the individual term for a concept and creates structures only to the extent that this activity is consid­ ered helpful for the identification and explication of the concept. In the end, therefore, there is no conflict between subject classification and terminolo­ gical analysis: both complement each other with priority on one or the other aspect according to the specific objectives pursued by each type of ordering.

In particular, it is sometimes possible to codify very strict specifications together with a recommended term, and to seek to achieve agreement on the part of all users to use that term with the specified fixed reference. In this case, the social norm is refined down to the norm of a small group, which can then make a deliberate attempt to impose uniformity of usage, by publicly fixing the relationship between the term and the associated concept and proposing the term as a standard. We are accustomed to think of standards as strictly inflexible, with absolute uniformity of reference from term to concept.

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A practical course in terminology processing by Juan C. Sager

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