Download e-book for iPad: A Decade of Reform: Science & Technology Policy in China by International Development Research Centre

By International Development Research Centre

ISBN-10: 0889368155

ISBN-13: 9780889368156

Booklet via foreign improvement study Centre

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Sample text

Others, however, saw their absolute amounts shrink and, because of their fields of study, lack of entrepreneurship, or lack of quality, began to experience very hard times. The efforts to establish strong horizontal links between research units and enterprises also had mixed results. Research contracting and technology markets have developed, but both institutes and enterprises have at various times and in various ways been dissatisfied with these mechanisms. For instance, enterprises felt that institutes were not providing packages of technology that could be directly used in production, and institutes felt that SOEs still had not developed an appreciation for the value of technological change.

With new sources of funds from innovative state projects and programs and with horizontal flows of funds beginning, capable and aggressive institutions and individuals were able to actually increase their overall revenues, despite the loss of some or all of their core state funding. Others, however, saw their absolute amounts shrink and, because of their fields of study, lack of entrepreneurship, or lack of quality, began to experience very hard times. The efforts to establish strong horizontal links between research units and enterprises also had mixed results.

In Liaoning, for instance, the local industrial bureaus still appoint the directors of the successfully reformed institutes we saw but do not interfere in most other aspects of operations. Because the local industrial bureaus no longer provide any budgetary support, the newly ―enterprized‖ institutes expect to enjoy the autonomy of a company operating in a market environment. However, the local bureaus are still exacting a percentage of the institutes‘ revenues, as in the past. A clearer definition of the role of government in this case appears to be a pressing matter affecting the future development of the institutes involved.

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A Decade of Reform: Science & Technology Policy in China by International Development Research Centre


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